Will Breton agriculture refuse to produce more of its ecological change?

The words are cool on the back, but it is necessary to write to understand them: World Famine. From the invasion of Ukraine By Russian troops of Vladimir Putin, The risk of food shortages has been proven. Not immediately, global reserves of wheat and grains currently allow countries to process, feed and consume. But what will happen to Ukraine and Russia in a year. It produces almost 30% of the wheat on this planet, Would not have been harvested? In a recent speech, UN Secretary General Antonio Guterres was terrified. ” The decline of the global diet “In Britain, the question of food sovereignty raises questions. France’s leading agricultural region, which relies heavily on fodder and fertilizer exports from Eastern Europe, aims to meet global demand by over-producing. Will the ongoing environmental change be put on hold?

“Prices are going up everywhere and all business circles are upset. We are going to talk clearly about famine. In some countries, especially in the Maghreb In the coming months. So what do we do? Andre Sergeant is a cow and pig farmer in Finster. Appeal to “Nutritious Agriculture”. “Twenty or thirty years ago, we wandered around, so we were given administrative locks. Today, in this situation, these locks have to be broken,” the breeder thinks.

“We must not panic”

The head of the regional chamber wants to review the range of organic inputs imposed on some farms to avoid excess nitrogen. “We have to destroy some of our products and we import fertilizers from Russia and Ukraine. Give us the opportunity to use them and it will save the chemistry,” he pleads. The Breton Rivers already carry a certain amount of nitrogen to the bays. Especially produces green algae. “We must not succumb to panic. Above all, do not deviate from our goal of low carbon farming. We must choose the maximum sustainable product without damaging our land, our water and our air. I will personally see it, “said Lo தலைவர்g Chesnais-Girard (PS), regional leader.

In the corridors of agricultural officials, some lobbies are already agitated. “We need to stop this excess regulation. We’ll not farm with three cows and two pigs,” says Laurent Kerler, dairy farmer and chairman of the Morbihan Chamber. . ”The terms are not accidental. They are imposed to protect our environment. Farmers are already seeing the impact of climate change. But questioning everything gives us the feeling that everything is good. Yesterday it was a health crisis, today it is a war in Ukraine, “said Jean-Marc Thomas.

“More autonomy, better distribution” agriculture

The regional leader of the federation Paysanne union acknowledges that “tensions over food supply are real.” To deal with this, his organization begs for an agriculture that will be “more autonomous, better distributed over the land.” “If we do without fertilizer, we are free from imports. If we reduce the size of farms and distribute them better, we reduce the risk of infections, like bird flu. Each country must organize itself to diversify and relocate to protect itself, ”said the union leader.

Focusing mostly on agricultural activities, Brittany made a slow transition to change its model. Statistics for new installations confirm this. In the region, 40% of young farmers follow the organic model. A figure climbing even 60% in the Morbihan sector. An encouraging commitment has not made us forget the crisis in the organic sector, which is facing a decline in consumer demand. “The problem is very complex and needs to be addressed in a holistic way. Feeding seven billion people is the biggest challenge,” warns Jean-Marc Thomas.

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